Posts filed under ‘Food’
You probably heard that azodicarbonamide, the industrial chemical foaming agent used to make yoga mats (and other things), was found in bread served at Subway a few weeks ago. Un. Believable. Where in the hell is the Food and Drug Administration? (Yeah, I know. In bed with food and drug makers.)
Anyway, I guess it’s the wild, wild, west around here and it’s up to each one of us to protect ourselves against this insanity so thanks to Rodale News for publishing a list of the 500 foods that contain that ingredient.
Here it is. Check it out. It’s very well organized and easy to use. In a word or two, don’t eat prepared pastries or flour products (like pizza crust).
Bacon wrapped fried Snicker’s bar.
Aye yie yie. That’ll kill ya.
I love this:
Arizona Pizzeria Refuses to Serve Legislators
In the wake of Arizona’s legislature recently passing a law that allows for discrimination (under the guise of religious freedom), a pizzeria in Tucson has decided that it will no longer serve Arizona legislators.
Rocco’s Little Chicago Pizza is taking a stand against the politicians who have voted in favor of Senate Bill 1062 which gives Arizona business owners the right to deny service to gays and others on the basis of religious freedom.
On Thursday the pizzeria posted a photo to its Facebook page (seen above) along with the message “”Funny how just being decent is starting to seem radical these days.”
“A customer posted the sign to my Facebook feed, so I printed it up and laminated it,” owner Anthony Rocco DiGrazia told The Huffington Post Friday (via Facebook). “The response has been overwhelming and almost all positive from across the globe. I just want to serve dinner and own and work in a place I’m proud of. Opening the door to government-sanctioned discrimination, regardless of why, is a huge step in the wrong direction. Thanks for all the support.”
If you want to send a note of support to Rocco, the address is email@example.com.
Good move guys!
Yet another so-called “news” item that doesn’t tell readers anything:
One Dead, Seven Sickened in Listeria Outbreak Linked to Cheese
One person has died and three newborns have become ill in an outbreak of listeria linked to Hispanic-style cheese.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Friday that the death occurred in California. Seven additional illnesses were reported in Maryland.
All of the Maryland victims reported eating soft or semi-soft Hispanic-style cheese that they purchased at different locations of the same grocery store chain. Listeria was later detected in a sample of Caujada en Terron, or fresh cheese curd, purchased at that chain.
The CDC says three of the victims are newborns. Two of those ill are mothers of two of the ill newborns.
This is a case of rushing to publish so-called breaking news before the facts are known. Or maybe it’s a case of not caring about facts.
What is “Hispanic-style cheese?” Could ya’ll narrow that down a bit?
Expiration dates and production codes would be greatly appreciated.
Is “Caujada en Terron” a brand of cheese or a type of cheese?
Aye yie yie. When oh when will we get a better media?
A lot of people are spending a lot of time coming up with the most outrageously fatty foods imaginable. Here’s the latest entry:
The professional stunt-burger makers at Philadelphia’s PYT — who have deep-fried everything from twinkes to lasagna in an effort to rid the world of its normal hamburger bun problem — are back at it. This time around, PYT owner Tommy Up heads to the grocery freezer case for a couple slices of Ellio’s Pizza (pepperoni flavor), which are breaded, deep-fried, and used for buns.
I don’t think this puppy is complete without three or four slices of bacon. ;)
Hey, sweet hubby, this is what I want for Valentine’s Day:
What does it mean when a food is labeled, “Natural?” Let’s just say it doesn’t mean what they want us to think it means.
“The False Advertising Industry” reveals the shocking truth about what is allowed in “Natural” food. Only the USDA Organic Seal guarantees your food contains no Genetically Modified Organisms, no toxic pesticides, and no growth hormones or antibiotics.
UPDATED below @8:59 p.m. EDT 1-28-14.
Last week, while doing my usual Friday morning volunteer job at our local food bank, I was straightening out the snack and treat area when I came across some Pop Tart-type desserts called “Zippy Cakes.” We had a whole box of them — probably 30 or 40 — and as I was rearranging them I noticed how squishy they felt and how wet they looked.
I’d never heard of “Zippy Cakes” before so I decided to take a closer look at the ingredients, but I began by looking at the nutritional breakdown and my eyes just about bugged out of my head. The total fat content (I know the photo below is hard, if not impossible to read…sorry) was 39% and the first ingredient wasn’t flour, it was “fractionated palm oil and cottonseed oil.” The second ingredient was sugar. It isn’t until we get to the third ingredient that we get to flour, which one would think would be the first ingredient in anything called a “cake.”
So the first two ingredients are oils and the third is sugar. Disgusting.
According to Dr. Andrew Weil,
Fractionation is a further phase of palm oil processing, designed to extract and concentrate specific fatty acid fractions. Fractionated palm oil, as found in food products, has a higher concentration of saturated fat than regular palm oil and is used for the convenience of manufacturers who like its stability and melting characteristics. The healthful aspects of natural palm oil are largely lost in the process.
So, bottom line, a friend and I tossed all those “Zippy Cakes” into the trash. Just because people are forced to get their food from a food bank, doesn’t mean they should have to eat garbage — fatty, sugary junk with no nutritional value whatsoever.
Again, disgusting. Products like “Zippy Cakes” shouldn’t be allowed to be made, at least with those ingredients and with that much fat. I read somewhere a while back that we shouldn’t eat any one thing with a fat content higher than 7%.
Woohah. I just found the wrapper I took the screenshot of (above) in my printer. Per the “Nutrition Facts” on the back, the “total fat” content of these Zippys is 38 grams or 58% of the “Daily Value.” Saturated fat? 21 grams or 105% of the “Daily Value.” Sodium: 320 mgs. Carbs: 52 grams.
Eat one of these Zippy puppies per day and that’s it. Nothing else.
Americans eat more Mozzarella than any other cheese:
For the second year in a row, Mozzarella has taken the title as the most available cheese in America according to the U.S.D.A., beating out cheddar by just a few slices. More notable than mozzarella solidifying it’s status as top cheese is America’s increasing willingness to down the stuff.
I can’t think of a more boring, flavorless cheese than Mozzarella.
Pete Wells, the New York Time‘s restaurant critic is out with a scathing, but oh-so-fun-to-read, restaurant review of Michel Richard’s new New York restaurant, Villard Michel Richard in midtown Manhattan.
According to Wells,
Michel Richard has been one of the most respected chefs in this country since the 1980s. Settling in Washington, he gave the city a restaurant, Citronelle, that earned national fame. Michel Richard was serious. He would not have come to New York last fall to open an awful hotel restaurant.
It gets worse:
Think of everything that’s great about fried chicken. Now take it all away. In its place, right between dried-out strands of gray meat and a shell of fried bread crumbs, imagine a gummy white paste about a quarter-inch deep. This unidentifiable paste coats your mouth until you can’t perceive textures or flavors. It is like edible Novocain.
What Villard Michel Richard’s $28 fried chicken does to Southern cooking, its $40 veal cheek blanquette does to French. A classic blanquette is a gentle, reassuring white stew of sublimely tender veal. In this version, the veal cheeks had the dense, rubbery consistency of overcooked liver. Slithering around the meat was a terrifying sauce the color of jarred turkey gravy mixed with cigar ashes. If soldiers had killed Escoffier’s family in front of him and then forced him to make dinner, this is what he would have cooked.
Yes, Villard Michel Richard is, in fact, an awful hotel restaurant. But it still didn’t make any sense. Was Mr. Richard not the chef I had thought?
Maybe. Maybe not. The problem may be accomplished chefs who lend their name to cheapened, commercialized restaurants that bank on their name, not on their food.
Villard Michel Richard may be a symptom of the deal-making culture that afflicts the restaurant business. Too many chefs are being tempted with too many offers from too many developers and investors. Hotels especially know that a famous name lures travelers, who won’t realize until it’s too late that the food being served has nothing in common with the cooking that made the name famous.
Opening a restaurant used to be a brutal process, and for many chefs it still is. If you’ve spent your own money and borrowed from your friends and family, you’re too scared to slack off. But the best-known chefs don’t have to worry about this anymore. It’s become much easier for them to open restaurants. Maybe it’s too easy, because running one is still as hard as ever.
Poor Michel Richard. I’m sure he’s having a very bad day but maybe he’ll learn something from this, as in, the restaurant biz, reputation is everything.
(P.S. What is that in the photo? A scallop on a bed of greens with beets and Bermuda onions? Fried cheese on a bed of greens with beets and Bermuda onions? The website doesn’t say but hey, either way, I think I could make that which is not what I want when I go out to dinner. I want something I can’t make!)
What’s that saying? When you have one finger pointed at someone else you have four fingers pointed at yourself?
Serious question: How do these guys sleep at night?
Georgia GOPer Attacking Free School Lunch Expensed $4,200 In Meals
Rep. Jack Kingston (R-GA) warned that there’s “no such thing as free lunch” for school children in Georgia, but he seems to have enjoyed a few.
An investigation by Georgia’s WSAV channel 3 found that Kingston, who is currently running for Senate and recently suggested students work cleaning cafeterias in exchange for lunch, had expensed as much as $4,182 worth of lunches for his office over the past three years.
This is pretty funny:
Got that? Earlier this month, Republicans refused to extend unemployment insurance to more than a million Americans because they’re lazy a++holes and if we coddle them they’ll just keep on keepin’ on sucking the tit of the American taxpayer.
Dear god of the universe: If only we really did have a liberal media here in the U.S., they’d be screaming about this: <—- <—-:
And if we had Democrats here in the U.S. who made some serious noise, who had guts and a willingness to stand up to the corporatocarcy (thank you Justice Roberts and your ruling on Citizens United), We the People might stand a chance…
My Tweet of the Day:
What? Are we talkin’ Peking Duck? I love Peking Duck.
The pancakes are key. I have a delicious and easy recipe for them if you’re interested.
The James Beard Foundation is out with their “Favorite Dishes (and Drinks!) of 2013.” See them here.
My salivary glands went into overdrive over the Roasted Suckling Pig with Smoked Bacon Marmalade. Sounds sooo good!
Hey humans, it’s time to foster a respect for our fellow travelers on this planet, from forests to shrimp:
Northeastern regulators shut down the Gulf of Maine shrimp fishery for the first time in 35 years Tuesday afternoon, worried by reports of what researchers called a fully “collapsed” stock that could be driven to near extinction with any 2014 catch.
The Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission’s Northern Shrimp Section, a subset of the multistate agency that oversees North Atlantic shrimp fisheries, met Tuesday in Portland to set guidelines for the coming season.
The 11-person section decided by consensus to wipe out the 2014 season, denying a 175-metric-ton catch limit recommended by its Northern Shrimp Advisory Board.
The panel made its decision against a backdrop of plummeting shrimp populations off the coast of Maine, according to researchers with the commission’s Northern Shrimp Technical Committee.
“There are very few, if any, shrimp left,” Whitmore told section members. “It just seems like we’ve reached the bottom. There’s probably no such thing as a ‘do no harm’ fishery at this point.”
Here’s a shocking article about how austerity cuts are affecting the health of folks in the U.K.:
Malnutrition a Public Health Emergency, Experts Warn
Malnutrition is something most of us associate with the third world or even the world of Dickens. But new figures show hospital admissions in England have nearly doubled in the last five years.
A group of scientists and public health experts is warning the rise is evidence of a “public health emergency” which could be linked to changes to benefits.”
They cite government statistics that show there were 5,500 hospital admissions for malnutrition between 2012 and 2013 compared to just over 3,000 in 2008.
They also point to a report by the Institute for Fiscal Studies that found families were buying cheaper more unhealthy food.
This has all the signs of a public health emergency that could go unrecognised until it is too late.
Letter to the British Medical Journal
In a letter to the British Medical Journal, David Taylor-Robinson from the University of Liverpool and six other academics warn: “This has all the signs of a public health emergency that could go unrecognised until it is too late to take preventive action.”
They say they are particularly worried about the number of children with malnutrition because it can cause cardiovascular and other chronic diseases in adulthood.
They believe the rise in cases of malnutrition, and the increase in the use of food banks, could be linked to welfare reform.
So, that’s austerity, U.K-style.
Meanwhile, this is what’s happening here in the U.S.:
Meanwhile, there may be no way to prevent Congress from allowing 1.3 million people to lose their unemployment benefits, or reversing the sharp cuts to food stamps, which are one of the most destructive forms of austerity. (In fact, Republicans demand much, much greater cuts to food stamps.)
As the CNN report says, the ostensible reason to cut spending and/or raise taxes is to keep the budget deficit low. But government borrowing costs are still near historic lows, and the budget deficit is plummeting like a stone. Meanwhile, unemployment is still high, inflation is still low, and hysteresis is turning unemployment into long-run structural damage.
Overall, the austerity binge has cost the economy about 3 million jobs at this point. Put simply, this is insane, and there is no sign Congress will stop it anytime soon.
I volunteer at a food bank. Food banks in the area just held their big annual food drive. We collected something like 6,000 pounds less than we did last year. Last year we collected roughly 13,000 pounds less than the year before that. At some point, food banks are going to get crushed under the weight of so many starving people and hey, maybe then we should get together with the U.K. and have a malnurishathon.
Geezus. I think it’s immoral to cut services to the poorest, most desperate segments of a society.
USA, USA, USA!
Republicans are vicious, cold-hearted partisans who are willing to see over a million people suffer because they don’t want anything — anything — good to happen on Obama’s watch:
If Congress does nothing, and fails to extend a jobless-aid program, 1.3 million people will lose unemployment insurance only a few days after Christmas — perhaps leading to a series of stories about real people’s economic travails during the slow-news holiday season.
I’m told House Dems will hold a hearing on Thursday into the plight of those set to lose unemployment insurance if Congress fails to extend the Emergency Unemployment Compensation program, as part of an effort to pressure Republicans to agree to an extension. Sources tell me it will be presided over by Dem Reps. Nancy Pelosi, Chris Van Hollen, Sander Levin, and others, and will hear from witness who stand to lose those benefits.
Meanwhile, sources tell me that in private discussions, House Republicans are giving the thumbs down to Dem entreaties for an unemployment benefits extension. According to a senior Senate Democratic leadership aide, Dems have pushed for the extension to be included in ongoing budget conference talks. “So far, they’ve resisted,” the aide tells me. “They don’t want to do that.”
I wish “senior Senate Democratic leadership aides” like the one Greg Sargent spoke to above, would be a little, no, a lot less charitable when talking about this. It’s just outrageous what Republicans are doing here.
Something we all should be more cognizant of:
I made these super-easy blueberry hand pies today. Man-oh-man are they ever good. The crust is flaky and the fresh blueberries inside (mixed with sugar, lemon zest and lemon juice) are delish.
When I say the recipe is super-easy, I mean it. Here it is. I don’t do desserts. This is literally the first dessert I’ve made in probably 20 years and it turned out just great. Now I’m thinking of pear hand pies and apple hand pies and heck, strawberry/rhubarb and maybe peach hand pies. Maybe even veggie hand pies. Or meat.
Help, I can’t stop…
This is fun:
But what on earth is it??? It’s glow in the dark jellyfish ice cream using calcium activated proteins that react when they are agitated, or to put it a non sciencey way, it glows when you lick it. It’s also pretty insanely expensive stuff, we worked out each scoop is coming out at around £140, dam those big bucks jellyfish. Is it safe to eat? Well I tried some and I don’t seem to be glowing anywhere, so we’ll go with a yes for now. We’ve also made a non-jellyfish version using quinine from tonic to make a glow in the UV dark gin and tonic sorbet which is pretty neat and can be ordered from all good Lick Me I’m Delicious event contraptions.
Next we’re working on an invisibile [sic] ice cream. Any scientists or magicians out there who think they can help, please get in touch.
Invisible ice cream? Holy cow. Can’t wait for that!
Fingers crossed that this line of thinking continues. It’s bad enough that we slaughter hundreds of thousands of cows and millions of chickens every year. Let’s not add horses to that brutal, inhumane tally.
The farm and pharmaceutical lobbies have blocked all meaningful efforts to reduce the use of antibiotics in raising livestock in America, a practice that contributes to a major public health risk, a study released Tuesday found.The report says Congress has killed every effort to legislate a ban on feeding farm animals antibiotics that are important in human medicine. Not only that, but regulation of livestock feeding practices has grown weaker under the Obama administration, the study says.
“Our worst fears were confirmed,’’ said Bob Martin, executive director of the Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future, which issued the report. The Food and Drug Administration’s statistics, he said, show that fully 80 percent of the antibiotics sold in this country are fed to food animals.
FDA guidelines in the pipeline, Martin said, would require the industry to stop using antibiotics specifically to bulk up cows and other food animals but would continue to allow their use for “disease-control.” What constitutes disease-control is so loosely defined, however, that there would be “no change” in the use of antibiotics, Martin said.
“In a couple of areas, the Obama administration started off with good intentions. But when industry pushed back, even weaker rules were issued,” he said. “We saw undue influence everywhere we turned.”
This article illustrates the incredible power of lobbyists. Surely just about everyone in congress, if they’d stop and think for a sec, understands that pumping feed animals full of antibiotics is a very bad idea. I mean, even doctors at the esteemed John Hopkins for God’s sake are telling them that but do they listen? No, because they’re more terrified of the lobbyists than medical experts or even of us, the voters.
Think about it for a second: The United States congress may singlehandedly be making antibiotics ineffective worldwide because it’s succumbing to bribes by corporate lobbyists, putting 7 billion people at risk.
How do these guys sleep at night?
Heartrending (to say the least) 2008 article by Nicholas D. Kristof about his childhood memories of farm animals:
I’m a farm boy who grew up here in the hills outside Yamhill, Ore., raising sheep for my F.F.A. and 4-H projects. At various times, my family also raised modest numbers of pigs, cattle, goats, chickens and geese, although they were never tightly confined.
Our cattle, sheep, chickens and goats certainly had individual personalities, but not such interesting ones that it bothered me that they might end up in a stew. Pigs were more troubling because of their unforgettable characters and obvious intelligence. To this day, when tucking into a pork chop, I always feel as if it is my intellectual equal.
Then there were the geese, the most admirable creatures I’ve ever met. We raised Chinese white geese, a common breed, and they have distinctive personalities. They mate for life and adhere to family values that would shame most of those who dine on them.
While one of our geese was sitting on her eggs, her gander would go out foraging for food — and if he found some delicacy, he would rush back to give it to his mate. Sometimes I would offer males a dish of corn to fatten them up — but it was impossible, for they would take it all home to their true loves.
Once a month or so, we would slaughter the geese. When I was 10 years old, my job was to lock the geese in the barn and then rush and grab one. Then I would take it out and hold it by its wings on the chopping block while my Dad or someone else swung the ax.
The 150 geese knew that something dreadful was happening and would cower in a far corner of the barn, and run away in terror as I approached. Then I would grab one and carry it away as it screeched and struggled in my arms.
Very often, one goose would bravely step away from the panicked flock and walk tremulously toward me. It would be the mate of the one I had caught, male or female, and it would step right up to me, protesting pitifully. It would be frightened out of its wits, but still determined to stand with and comfort its lover.
It’s been said a million times but I’ll say it again: We must give more thought to how we treat the animals we eat.
The food industry really, really, REALLY doesn’t want us to know if our food has been genetically modified and they really, really, REALLY don’t want us to know specifically which food manufacturers are involved in that:
If you’ve been scratching your head wondering where Coca-Cola, PepsiCo, General Mills, Kellogg’s and other familiar brand names are in current GMO labeling fight underway in Washington State – wonder no more.
Washington State Attorney General Bob Ferguson filed a lawsuit yesterday claiming the Grocery Manufacturers Association [GMA] —which—has violated campaign disclosure laws. The group is accused of failing to form a political committee registered with the state’s Public Disclosure Commission after it solicited and collected nearly $13.5 million in contributions, spending $7.2 in efforts to a defeat ballot measure I-522, which would require genetically modified foods to be labeled.
The state’s lawsuit also alleges the GMA purposely concealed the names of companies who contributed those funds to shield them from public backlash.
Afterall, they’re not dummies. Brands fromto Kashi to Smucker’s took a painful public relations hit after consumers discovered some of their favorite products helped contributed $44 million towards defeating California’s labeling efforts. Funneling that money through their association would seem like an infinitely better plan—one that now may have backfired.
Let’s hope to god it has backfired and that the Washington State Attorney General pursues this case and eventually reveals the names of the household brands who’ve poured money into this deal. I want to know if the people who make my favorite cookie (Pepperidge Farm “Gingerman”) want to keep me in the dark as to the GMO ingredients (if any) in those delicious little puppies, because, you betcha, I won’t buy them anymore. Why would I want to give my money to aholes like that?
I’ve got to start keeping track of the infrastructure failures that are occurring all across the United States; everything from water main breaks to computer glitches. I read about them here and there almost every day. They seem small on their own but together, they add up.
Our country is falling apart. Literally. The thing is, the failures aren’t happening in areas where rich white people live so we aren’t hearing about them.
Case in point. This is an emergency:
Power Outage Shuts Down Food Stamp Program In 17 States
SACRAMENTO, California (Reuters) – Food stamp recipients in 17 states lost access to the electronic system used by stores to verify their benefits on Saturday, leaving many unable to buy groceries, the company that manages the system said.
People enrolled in the government food assistance program use plastic vouchers similar to debit cards. Starting at about 11 a.m. EDT (1500 GMT), some of those cards stopped working, Xerox spokesman Kevin Lightfoot said.
A power outage that started the problem was fixed within 20 minutes, Lightfoot said, but shoppers continued to run into difficulties throughout the day. By early evening, the problem still had not been fixed.
States States experiencing problems included Alabama, California, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois,Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Mississippi, New Jersey, Ohio,Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas and Virginia, Lightfoot said.
My food bank-volunteer-self knows this is going to hurt so many people in so many ways. The ripple effect will be tremendous lest it’s fixed tonight. Get that “electronic system” up and running ASAP! Oh, wait, the government’s shut down. Shi*t.
How about some canned chili made with mystery meat that’ll last for a million years and oh, I don’t know, some canned green beans from who-knows-where? And let’s have some soggy brownish government-issued canned peaches for dessert.
Sounds yummy huh?
Catered meals? Really? That’s what you’re used to?
I like quizzes so I took the one over at Food and Water Watch asking, “What Are They Feeding Your Food?”
I “scored” a 68%.
What shocked me most was I was right in my guesstimation that 80% of the antibiotics administered in the United States are fed to the animals we eat. Thus, they’re fed to us.
So disturbing and maddening given articles like this, End of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Could be Possible, that we’ve been reading for years.
I’m so glad Washington isn’t messing around with stupid stuff and that they’re ON IT!
I can’t decide if this sounds sumptuous or repulsive:
Chicken wing cupcake – blue cheese frosting, hot-and-spicy yellow cake at Tempo in #Halifax:
Secretary of Agriculture: Why Do We Value Our Rural Farmers? Because They Send Their Kids to the Military!!!
A friend just sent me this mind blowing and sadly discouraging tidbit from mid-August. Does a militaristic mindset permeate the brain of every upper level government official?
Why do we need more farmers? What is the driving force behind USDA policy? In an infuriating epiphany I have yet to metabolize, I found out Wednesday in a private policy-generation meeting with Virginia Democratic gubernatorial candidate Terry McCauliffe.
It was a who’s who of Virginia agriculture: Farm Bureau, Va. Agribusiness Council, Va. Forestry Association, Va. Poultry Federation, Va. Cattlemen’s Ass., deans from Virginia Tech and Virginia State–you get the picture.
But I digress. The big surprise occurred a few minutes into the meeting: US Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack walked in.
Are you ready for the shoe to drop? The epiphany? What could the US Secretary of Agriculture, at the highest strategic planning sessions of our land, be challenged by other leaders to change this figure, to get more people in rural America, to encourage farming and help more farms get started? What could be the driving reason to have more farmers? Why does he go to bed at night trying to figure out how to increase farmers? How does the President and other cabinet members view his role as the nation’s farming czar?
What could be the most important contribution that increasing farmers could offer to the nation? Better food? Better soil development? Better care for animals? Better care for plants?
Here’s the bombshell:
Are you ready? Here’s his answer: although rural America only has 16 percent of the population, it gives 40 percent of the personnel to the military. Say what? You mean when it’s all said and done, at the end of the day, the bottom line–you know all the cliches–the whole reason for increasing farms is to provide cannon fodder for American imperial might. He said rural kids grow up with a sense of wanting to give something back, and if we lose that value system, we’ll lose our military might.
So folks, it all boils down to American military muscle. It’s not about food, healing the land, stewarding precious soil and resources; it’s all about making sure we keep a steady stream of youngsters going into the military.
I was left speechless after reading this and I still am. SMDH.