March 1, 2021


How To Get Rid Of A Urine Stain On A Mattress

Discovering a mattress stained with urine is a nightmare, and mattresses are too expensive to simply throw away and replace. Besides the issue of expense, in our throwaway society, many choose to throw things away rather than try to save them, but I try to clean and conserve whenever and wherever possible.

Whether the urine staining a mattress is from an animal, a child, or an adult person, it can be difficult to know where to start when cleaning, and it can seem like an overwhelming task, to say the least. I have a friend who once worked in a hotel, and she had to occasionally clean mattresses stained with urine. My friend provided the following tips for cleaning urine stains on a mattress. When my children were young I personally tried my friend’s suggestions, and they effectively get rid of urine on a mattress as well as the offensive smell that accompanies the stain.

Precautionary Statement

Since there are many different types of mattresses, follow product label instructions regarding cleaning for best results. Use common sense, and consult the manufacturer if unsure of any of the following tips to get rid of urine on a mattress. This is where you can read Real reviews at mattressify about how efficient and durable mattresses are, be it air mattresses or side sleeper mattress.

Where to Begin

Immediately upon discovering a wet urine stain, soak it up with absorbent paper towels. Apply pressure, and change toweling often until all of it is absorbed. It may take an entire roll of paper toweling, but it’s important to absorb as much of the liquid as possible. Once the urine has been completely absorbed, go over the stain with clear water to dilute any urine remaining in the fabric. Rinse out the rag under running water as often as necessary.

What if the Urine Has Dried?

It’s impossible to absorb dry urine, so you’ll have to wet the area with clear water and absorb it using the instructions mentioned above. After following the aforementioned directions, continue with the instructions below. If the stain hasn’t set in it should come out fairly easily, and when properly cleaned, the mattress will smell clean and fresh once again.

Soaking up the Stain and Odor

After the stain has been treated with clear water, don’t blot up it up. Instead, sprinkle a generous amount of baking soda over the wet area, and allow it to dry completely. It may take a few days for the baking soda to dry, but once it does it can be vacuumed away along with the discoloration and odor.

If you don’t have baking soda, salt is a fantastic substitute. It will also absorb the stain and odor, and it can be vacuumed away in the same manner as the baking soda. Salt or baking soda is far less expensive and more effective at cleaning up urine stains than any commercial product I’ve found in stores.

Five Best Hanukkah Gifts For Men

Hanukkah is a wonderful eight day Jewish celebration that begins in December. Gifts are typically given during the duration of the celebration and if you have a man that you want to get a gift for, you should start planning on buying your gifts now instead of waiting until the last minute. It can be difficult to decide what to get a man for Hanukkah. You could go with something traditional that is Hanukkah/Jewish related or you could get him something that you think he’d like. This article will give you five suggestions on what would be an ideal gift for men this Hanukkah.

Oy Vey Wristwatch sells a wristwatch that would be perfect for the man in your life. The wrist watch has a black band, stainless steel frame and white face front with the words “Oy Vey!” The numbers are in a jumble at the bottom of the watch. The watch is water resistant and comes in a gift tin. You can buy it from Amazon for $28.50.

Stainless Steel Electric Menorah

If you want to give a gift to a male friend or relative that may live on his own and doesn’t like to mess with stuff around his home, you can get him a stainless steal electric Menorah that will allow him to celebrate the holidays with the traditional menorah but won’t make the mess that candles make. sells an electric Menorah for $99.99. It is eleven inches high and will fit perfectly on a table or on the top of an entertainment center.

Chocolate Hanukkah Coin Box

Give a sweet treat during Hanukkah this year by purchasing the chocolate Hanukkah coin box from Lake Champlain They sell a decorative gift box in blue and brown that has a picture of a lighted menorah on the side. Inside the box is several foil wrapped coins to savor and enjoy. The chocolate is all natural and gluten free. One box sells for $8 dollars.

Personalized Happy Hanukkah Wine Art-Menorah

If the man in your life enjoys a cup of wine now and then, buy him a personalized bottle of wine. The wine is a California red variety but the bottle can be personalized, which makes it extra special. A menorah will be hand painted onto the bottle along with Happy Hanukah and a short message or name of your choice. If the person you’re gifting doesn’t drink, you can buy a non alcoholic version. You can buy it from Personalization Mall for $74.95.

Happy Hanukkah Soap and Shower Gel

Not Soap Radio sells bottles of Happy Hanukkah Soap and Shower gel that would be an ideal gift for anyone, including the male you want to buy a present for. The shower gel smells like a cinnamon doughnut. The gel comes in a plastic bottle with an attractive blue label that says “Happy Hanukkah” and other text talking about Hanukkah. You can buy the soap and shower gel for $14 dollars.

But if you want to go different in giving gift, you can visit this website This page will offer you a lot of best wallet gifts for your man. Certainly, he will love this modern design and stylish items.

What You Need to Know to Buy an XBOX 360

If you are lucky enough to be looking at a new gaming system as a gift for the upcoming holidays or for yourself as a special treat I think you’ll be very happy with the graphics quality of the Microsoft Xbox 360. There are a good range of titles for games, from top-quality racing games to role-playing games such as Oblivion. If you are considering purchasing an Xbox 360 for the upcoming holidays, be aware that there are three different versions.

The Arcade version priced at $200 is the most basic version, which used to be known as the Core. The next step up is the Premium or Pro which, priced at around $300, includes a detachable 20 GB hard disk drive. The middle version Xbox is a good value because it shares a great deal of the component pieces of the next step up console, the Elite. The main thing that you need to know to avoid any problems with your Xbox can be found on the outside on the packaging. You are looking for power supply running at 175w. Most of the Xboxes in the store now are the Falcon 65nm chipset. The Elite is priced at $400 and it is the model that I possess and have been using for the past two years without complaint. It’s provided me with many hours of fun and it will for you, too.

$400 is quite a moderate price given the clout that Xbox 360 has on its fans that keeps increasing with each passing day and there is nothing like a nice game of Pokemon to start it out that just requires a Pokemon go account.

A big issue with the Xbox 360 line has been what is now known as the red ring of death. This is the result of a component overheating causing the entire unit to fail. This usually happens because of an overheating problem with the wattage being too much for the chipset. The Xbox 360 Elite is made up of higher quality parts than the other models and so is far less likely to short out. It wasn’t a tremendous risk in the first place, but did effect enough people to cause more than the usual blip on the gaming radar. One would think that at this price point you could be guaranteed quality but often times it is difficult to know how things will hold up until they are out in the field. Given the current state of the economy I would be very surprised if Microsoft did not come up with some kind of a price cut for the upcoming holiday season. Often you can find good deals on slightly used systems on places such as eBay and these often come bundled with many games. Just be aware that if you did not purchase your system from a retailer that you are taking a risk which may or may not be worth the savings given that this game system has had some technical problems in the past, and much like a used car you may be inheriting someone else’s difficulties.

Cabinet Secrets: How to Cut a Dado

A channel cut into the wood to attach another piece at a right angle is called a dado. A dado cut also cuts across the grain of the wood otherwise it is called a groove. Because these joints completely enclose the end of a board they prevent warping and twisting. These cuts are invaluable when making cabinets or shelves because they allow the wood to be attached with glue and no nails or screws are visible. The dado cut also conceals the end of the board and hides the interior of a board that is covered with veneer. Considering all this, before you Buy drawer slides for cabinets & kitchens make sure that you look for these Dado cuts. 

There are three types of dado cuts. The first of these is the more difficult to make but it is the strongest and more professional looking of the dado cuts. The other two are a through dado and a stopped dado. The through dado makes a square cut all the way through the board. The stooped dado falls short of the end piece and disguises the dado itself.

Right-angled dados can be easily cut with a table saw or router. To start, scribe the adjoining board onto the board you plan to dado. Mark the sides and depth of the dado which should be no more than halfway through the board’s thickness. If you’re using a router, sandwich the boards between two scrap boards. This prevents splintering at the ends. Use another board parallel to the cut to guide the router along straight. Clamp the boards in place and router in one pass. To do the same with a table saw, purchase a dado blade. This is a kit where several blades are placed together to make the correct thickness of the dado. Attach the dado blades to the same thickness of the board and pass through the table saw at the correct length.

To make a stopped dado cut with a router set up the same process as explained above. Set the jig on a bench to where the end of the stopped dado will end at the end of the workbench. Attach a block of wood with a clamp. This will stop the router at the proper length of the dado. Usually, a stopped dado ends a little more than halfway through the board. Once the router has stopped, pull it from the dado. Use a sharp chisel to complete the dado where the router has stopped. You can do the same thing with a table saw by placing a clamp and board at the end of the saw table. Let the saw come to a stop and remove the wood. Chisel the remainder of the dado out.

A dovetail dado is definitely harder. It can not be done with a table saw. You also need a router table to attach your router to for stability. Purchase a dovetail router bit and attach it to the router and the router to the table. Set the depth of the router to the depth of the dado cut. Pass the board through the router. The board that fits into the dado requires several passes along its edge to make the matching dovetail to the correct size. Place the board that’s to be the opposite dovetail and make a small pass on the router table on each side. Gauge the thickness of the dovetail with its opposite end. Trim off enough so the dovetail ends are tight. If they are to lose you will need to start over.

It’s always best to have a test piece when cutting dados. Use scrap wood and test fit for each dado. Adjust the saw or router as necessary. When you have the correct dado set on the saw or router, cut the good wood. Practice makes perfect!

Living Without Credit

Living without credit used to be a lifestyle choice. Now it’s something we’re all going to have to get used to.

Because the days of cheap and easy credit are gone. If you’ve got this far without racking up a huge pile of debt on credit cards, store cards or personal loans then well done – your frugal habits in the good times will stand you in good stead in the coming lean years. For the rest of us, well – it’s going to be a bit of a culture shock!

Here are just a few tips on how to adapt to a credit-free lifestyle:

  1. Pay for things you want in cash

As obvious as it might sound, this is the most important one of the lot. Make it your number one rule to not put things on your credit cards or otherwise borrow money to pay for them. If not having it isn’t a matter of life or death then wait until you have the cash to pay for it. It’s amazing how expensive certain ‘small’ luxuries seem when you part with greenbacks to get them, rather than put them on a card.

  1. Pay for the things you need in cash

There are going to be things that you don’t want to pay for at all. Repairs, school fees, dental work and so on. You know they’re going to come along when you least want them so try and be prepared as much as possible. Start by putting a few dollars every month into an emergency fund. $1,000 is a good starting point, but you really need about 3-6 months worth of living expenses put by to be able to take whatever life throws at you comfortably.

  1. Make savings wherever possible

Go through your household expenses with a fine tooth comb and look for places to make savings. Check out different telephone, gas and electricity companies. See if you can save a few dollars by switching to cheaper brands. Even the most frugal household can usually save upwards of $100 every month by clever budgeting. That $100 may feed your emergency fund until you’ve built it up to a comfortable level and then you can divert it to something else that you need or want – like saving for a new car or a holiday.

  1. Travel without your credit card

If you’ve got credit available, you’ll spend it. But it’s sometimes difficult to travel without Mastercard , Visa or Amex. So ask your bank for a Debit Card instead. This will only let you spend as much as you have in your accout, so you won’t come back from a fantastic break to a whole pile of worry!

  1. Consider your housing situation

As the credit crunch bites in, are you living in a place you’ll be able to afford? Would it make sense to rent somewhere cheaper while house values are tumbling and save money for a deposit so you can buy a new home cheaply a bit later? Don’t make these decisions lightly – be sure to get some proper advice, but do consider this: Do you really want to be tied into a massive mortgage on a home that’s worth less than you borrowed to pay for it? The way things are going, this is a real possibility.

Experts are predicting the most severe recession that most of us have ever seen, or ever will see. If you want to come out the other end in good financial shape then now is the time to make changes.  You can try using to secure your private and sensitive financial data especially if you don’t use any credit. It’s a platform designed to safeguard digital information using the latest cybersecurity technology.

Furthermore, you’ll learn habits that will help you manage money properly for the rest of your life and pave the way to early financial freedom.

Choosing the Right Wireless Router

Looking to purchase your first wireless router? Everywhere you turn, there are different views, different opinions, and conflicting information. Does anyone know what they’re talking about, what does tfw mean,  and are the differences in wireless routers really so vast? How can you choose the right router for what you need to do? Here are some helpful tips and techniques to help you choose the best router for your home or business:

Do a Little Research

The first step in finding a reliable router is doing a little research and learning about the different equipment that’s available. One of the best ways to sniff out a deal is to see what the mainstream is buying – quite often if it’s a good deal and the router is worth the money, people are probably eating it up like hotcakes. Check the popular technology magazines or do an internet search of popular routers, read up on the companies and their success rates, as well as what people have to say about their customer service (this is always helpful, in case you get stuck).

Accessorizing Your Equipment

It sounds silly, but it makes perfect sense – when purchasing a wireless router, you just might want to give some consideration to equipment that is made by the same manufacturer as your network adapters. Why is this? Sometimes, you will discover that the manufacturers will optimize their equipment and that it will sync up and work a bit more efficiently than pieces made by different companies.

Make Sure the Shoe Fits

While some people will try and sell you on a bunch of numbers and statistics there are, in fact, only a couple of things that are really relevant to choosing a new wireless router. In truth, most of them on the market today perform about the same and have similar capabilities. This means that, perhaps, one of the most taxing parts of choosing a new router is simply choosing one that is the proper size for your household or business, and one that’s designed in a style that you like. Of course, bargains are always a bonus too – pay attention to things like warranties as well as rebates and you may even save yourself a few more bucks for your purchase.

Choosing a new wireless router really isn’t as hard as most people make it out to be. Simply remember, before you go to the store, not to be afraid to do a bit of research and, once you get there, don’t be afraid to choose something based on a style that appeals to your eye and pocketbook. Faster is not always better and, quite often, it is the bargain product that turns out to be the best deal.

‘The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey’: Get to Know the International Cast

It is not surprising that the newest “Lord of the Rings” movie, “The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey,” has a major international cast. It also has a relatively unknown international cast. Peter Jackson wanted to find actors that fit the roles more than using big names to get butts in the theater seats. As before, it very likely that these names will gain some fame in the coming years. Let’s meet them now and get it started.

Martin Freeman – Bilbo Baggins

Anyone who enjoys British TV knows Martin Freeman, and anyone who doesn’t enjoy British TV should still know him. He has been making a name for himself as Dr. Watson in the show “Sherlock.” He is easily a favorite character in the show, even beating out Sherlock Holmes himself. As for film, people who know that the answer is 42 will recognize Freeman as Arthur Dent in the film adaptation of Douglas Adams’ quirky “Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy.” Freeman’s roles have always been fun and witty, something that will make Bilbo Baggins much more enjoyable.

Richard Armitage – Thorin Oakenshield

When first hearing that Richard Armitage was going to play a dwarf in “The Hobbit,” it was difficult to believe. That man is tall, dark, and handsome. He is not short, hairy, and rude. Then photos and clips popped up with him with the full beard and short stature. He didn’t look anything like tall, dark, and handsome, but he did look like a dwarf. The voice remains, luckily. Armitage earned most of his U.S fans from his role as Guy of Gisborne in the BBC show “Robin Hood.” Before that, he earned praise for “North and South.”

Benedict Cumberbatch – Smaug the Dragon and the Necromancer

Benedict Cumberbatch and Martin Freeman know each other quite well, considering Cumberbatch is the Sherlock to Freeman’s Watson in “Sherlock.” While he is known mostly for his TV roles, Cumberbatch has had small roles in films such as “Atonement,” “Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy,” and “War Horse.” Don’t expect to see his face in “The Hobbit.” He will play both roles but through motion capture. The movements and voice is his, but what is seen on screen is all computer graphics. The process is similar to Andy Serkis playing Gollum.

Evangeline Lilly – Tauriel

A Canadian actor among a mostly British cast, Evangeline Lilly gets to play a beautiful but strong elf, Tauriel. Fans of the books will start shouting that there is no Tauriel, and they’re right. Peter Jackson created the character just so he could have a female character. Look at the cast of “The Hobbit” and it is surprisingly woman-less. Besides Galadriel, female characters do not exist. Tauriel provide that needed contrast, but she isn’t a weak female character that needs saving. Evangeline Lilly is best known for her part as Kate in “Lost,” but she’s had film roles in “Real Steel” and “The Hurt Locker.”

Adam Brown – Ori

Chances are slim that anyone recognizes the name Adam Brown. That’s because he’s only done theater productions. “The Hobbit” is the first film appearance for Brown. Before that, he’s worked on one show and a few commercials. Out of the entire cast, Brown really is the unknown. He plays Ori, one of the dwarves on the quest with Bilbo. Ori also appears in “Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring” but he is only a pile of bones with quill in hand in the depths of Moria.  A person should have complete information about a league is roughly 3 miles to enhance the knowledge. The estimation of the depth will be accurately measured through the person. 

The Business ABC’s of a Coffee Franchise

Coffee is a drink that is universally enjoyed by those spanning the globe. No matter morning or night, there is almost always someone out there looking for a great cup of coffee, making owning and running a coffee franchise a lucrative option for some interested in investing in a small business opportunity.

The unfortunate thing about coffee franchises is that is often quite a variety for a potential customer to choose from when searching for that perfect cup of coffee. A coffee franchise owner who is looking to be successful in the industry needs to have the knowledge of what it takes to generate god business. For those people, it might just be as easy as remembering the ABC’s.


Being able to properly keep track of all the money flowing both in and out of a coffee franchise is vital to its successful operation. For some business owners, this comes as a painful lesson that is learned in sad retrospect. Investing some time into understanding how the accounting practices for a small business such as a coffee franchise work is key to being able to know exactly where every cent is going.

Business Management

Proper business management is a key ingredient that goes into a successful coffee franchise, or any other business for that matter. An owner must not only account for the day-to-day operations, but also the finer details, such as cleanliness, customer service, and employee appearance and efficiency. For some, this all comes naturally, while others tend to pick it up along the way. The sooner things click, the better off a small business will be.

Customer Service

Aside from the actual coffee, providing the customer with service that amazes is perhaps the most important product a coffee franchise can sell. When the customers are happy, they have no reason to go elsewhere, which will generate a flow of steady revenue from return business.


Understanding that putting a coffee franchise in a location where others already exist is going to result in a much lower business base than if the business was located where there is more of a demand for one is crucial. Why try to cut in on already established business loyalty when there are chances to appease a group that is currently being neglected. Go where the demand for a coffee franchise is greatest. This will help to ensure that the potential base for customers is as large as possible. The different types of coffee beans here are provided through online delivery. There will be no charging of extra cost from the person for delivery of the coffee from the person. 

As part of the service industry, owners and potential owners of coffee franchises need to understand the importance of offering exceptional service with quality products to match. Those looking to become successful in this service should not only practice the above, but also think about extending that commitment all the way through the alphabet.

Important Facts To Know About Tile Saws

Tile saws have always been a very important device that is used for decades now. It can be considered as one of the latest equipment that is designed to solve issues humans faced while cutting tiles and other kinds of ceramic material. Since these materials are very expensive, one could not afford to break or tamper with them. 

Precise and high-end finishing was only possible with the help of a sophisticated machine. Tile saw made it possible. Nowadays, regardless of whatever the design or carving might be, a tile saw can easily help you carry out all the tasks. You can check out tile saw review for better understanding of the best tile saws available.

Here are some important facts that you should know regarding the use of tile saw popularly.

  • Whenever we are planning to do some work, we try do it with lot of perfection and these are the equipment you will need for the perfect tile setting job. Cutting is usually not considered as a profession but a process which leads to the separation of different parts with accuracy and that too without too much of wastage. Tile saws come with accurate angles and specified cutting features which makes sure to provide the perfect finishing and minimizes the waste unlike any other device that is available now.
  • Most people actually do not remember that tiles are made of ceramic and they have dust particles on them. But, it is always recommended to wear goggles in order to protect your eyes. The sound of grinding is manageable and you will get used to it while working. However, you should never take the risk of working in bare eyes or they can sustain damage. Always work with the right equipment.
  • The meaning of the tile saw does not always mean that it is a long blade that comes with shard tools for cutting or designing tiles. It can also be a simple stand that is appropriate enough to cut through the tile. You should not be surveyed away by the name of the device and think in a more complex manner.
  • Tile saws are available in both manual and automatic variants, which you can choose from according to the needs and requirements you currently have. Manual devices offer better control and overall stability but they required a lot of energy if you intend to use them. On the other hand, automatic devices are much easier and hassle-free to use for any job. But, we will always recommend to go with a manual one because of better efficiency. Automatic tile saws are good for casual jobs which does not have any complexity.
  • Cleaning use another very important thing which a lot of people tend to neglect while using a tile saw. After using the machine, it is always necessary to clean it with water and remove all the dust particles from the surface. You must also grease the blade, so that it can perform well without any hiccups in the long turn. Send it for maintenance once a year for better long term efficiency.
  • Make sure to check the power of the tile saw that you are planning to buy. A device with more power is always recommended because they offer better performance and control over the power. Less powered devices are not good for professional and complex work purposes.
  • Tile saw is a one man job and only the individual handling the device can carry out the work. There might be another person who will help to supervise the handler and arrange the tiles properly or guide through the corners. This is not something that you do in a team.
  • Saw tiles are available in different variants and are of wide range of categories which allows you to choose the right device according to your choice. The price of the device will depend on the size and mode of the tile saw. Bigger sized and automatic tile saws are much more expensive than manual ones. You must check out different tile saw reviews in order to understand the differences.
  • Wet tile saws are the most expensive variants that are available in the market. They offer the highest precision and quality of work to you. Most of them come with diamond blade that is usually connected with a stream of water in order to keep it cool at all times. They are the best devices which allows you to continue your work for long hours.

So, here are some really interesting and important facts that you need to know about tile saws. You must take a quick look at them and make sure that you are purchasing the right device that will suit your work the best always.

Tips on Slashing Energy Costs in Your House

Technology is the most important tool when it comes to energy efficiency and the better the technological advancement the more the energy that will be conserved. We all must play a part in the conservation of energy because we all use it. Energy costs can only be reduced and not eliminated. This is because even if we use far less energy than before, we would still pay for it not just financially but also environmentally.

We can drastically reduce the energy costs in our homes by firstly switching off appliances that are not in use. For instance, if you are not using a particular room, switch the lights off. Some appliances such as televisions and media players have stand by modes which is a transitional stage between switching them off or on, while in the stand by mode that appliance uses less energy. This energy even if is less, can be completely done away with if that appliance is completely switched off. Power efficient bulbs are a valuable addition to homes. They use far less than the conventional types of bulbs. Some governments have zero rated taxes on power efficient bulbs which is an added incentive.

LCD and TFT computer monitors use far less power compared to CRT monitors and so should be considered as the best option. Computers also have an auto shutoff function that can be set form the control panel. This function switches off the computer monitor and sets the computer in hibernation when it has not been used for a specified amount of time that is set buy the user. This decreases the computer’s power consumption.

Now this is an easy way to save energy as computers are ones that consume the maximum energy in the house and you can install battery powered outdoor security camera so that atleast your home is safe from thieves and burglars.

When it comes to televisions, power consumption preference should be made to LCD screens followed by plasma then LCD screens, this will save power through the technology used to produce images. If there are multiple television sets in a house, and the same program is being watched in most of them, the viewers can converge and use the same television.

Solar power is the cleanest, cheapest and most reliable source of energy. The sun has always been available and will always be available. There are systems that transfer the solar energy that you tap in your house to the country’s national power grid and you are paid for it; this is a very good method for ensuring energy security. Solar power can be used in the remotest of areas. Heating water for bathing is the best way to exploit solar power. In addition to this, virtually all appliances can be run by solar energy. To add into the bargain, solar energy can be stored for future us like at night. Bathing of the family members should be done within short intervals of each other. This will prevent reheating water that was hot some time ago and save energy costs.

Cloths should be sun dried instead of using the dryer when possible. Dishes also can be drip-dried. When it comes to food, the household should eat at the same time to avoid reheating by the microwave. The microwave settings aught to be set to the optimum level for the item that is being cooked. The manual shows the best settings for some foods. Hot items must not be put in the refrigerator before they cool. This is because more energy will be used to cool it then freeze it instead of just freezing it. Lower power is better to use in refrigerators as long as the food freezes. Flasks are good preservatives of hot drinks and avoid power being used for reheating drinks.

Opening windows is more efficient than using electric air fresheners and purifiers. Warmer clothing can be worn to reduce the house heating costs and subsequently overall energy costs.

If you live in a farm, the animals in your compound are a potential cash cow. Bio-gas can conveniently be generated from their droppings. The initial cost of this investment may be slightly costly but the cost of gas will be little to nothing since the animals will continuously generate bodily waste. Septic tanks are another source of bio-gas which can be piped into the house. There is no smell as a result of this because all the gas is burned.